Ajapala Nigrodha Tree BodhGaya

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, BodhGaya


The Ajapala Nigrodha tree is a Banyan tree vital to Buddhist literature. Based on Buddhist texts, the tree was situated in Uruvela on the banks of the Neranjara River, close to the Bodhi tree. It is believed that, after attaining enlightenment, the Buddha spent a week sitting cross-legged at the base of the tree, and there he met Huhunkajatika Brahmin. This meeting is described within the Vinaya Pitaka, the earliest text of the Buddhist canon.

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree History & Significance

The Buddha came to the Nigrodha Ajapala Tree after a trip to the Rajayatana. At this time, the Brahma Sahampati, the god-like character in Buddhism, appeared before Buddha and advised him to spread the teachings to other people, regardless of the task’s difficulty. The event is documented within the Vinaya Pitaka and in the commentary of Buddhaghosa. The legend states that this incident occurred during the eighth week following Buddha’s awakening.  


It is believed that the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree is important for other significant things that are said to have happened there, too. After Buddha’s awakening, Mara, the personification of evil in Buddhism, attempted to persuade the Buddha to commit suicide immediately. However, the Buddha was adamant. These events are detailed within the Samyutta Nikaya. Before the enlightenment, Buddha is believed to have spent some time at the tree, and it was at this time, Sujata, an attractive young lady, gave him a meal consisting of milk rice. This act is believed to have played an essential role in his awakening.


This tree is also believed to have been the scene of other vital events in the life of Buddha. In the fifth week following the Buddha’s enlightenment, Mara’s daughters are said to have attempted to lure the Buddha. These incidents are documented within the Jatakas. This tree is also believed to be the spot where the Buddha delivered a sermon to address the concerns of locals regarding the human condition, religion, and equality.

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree Etymology

Various etymologies have been suggested to explain the name of the Ajapala Nigrodha tree. One theory suggests it’s named for the goatherds sitting under its shade. A different theory suggests that the place is named after the old Brahmins who lived in homes surrounded by ramparts and walls. Another hypothesis is in honor of the goats seeking shade in midday.


The northern Buddhists claim a shepherd child sowed this tree during the Bodhisattva’s six years of penance to protect him. Also, it is believed many older Brahmins visited the Buddha at this time and inquired whether it was confirmed that he didn’t pay any respect to their age. He then taught them the four Thera-karana Dhamma.

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, BodhGaya

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree Physical Existence

Once considered a heritage one, Ajapala Nigrodha no longer exists physically. However, this location where Gautam Buddha finished the fifth week of his meditation, following his enlightenment and held an address to solve the locals’ questions regarding equality, religion, and humanity remains spiritually essential, and the people who believe in the religion regularly visit here. 

Presently, a pillar marks the site to mark the importance of this tree as well as the events believed to have taken place there.

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, BodhGaya

Ajapala Nigrodha Tree importance in the Mahabodhi Complex    

The Mahabodhi Complex, located in Bodh Gaya, India, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of immense religious and historical significance. Among the complex’s numerous sacred elements, one of the most significant is the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, an unspoken witness to this location’s incredibly substantial historical events.


Also, Read: Buddha Statue Bodhgaya



Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, BodhGaya


Once regarded as a heritage tree, the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree no longer exists, where Gautam Buddha finished the fifth week of his meditation upon enlightenment. He then addressed the locals’ questions about humanity, religion, and equality. Today, it is marked by a pillar considered a sacred site and frequented by those who believe in the Buddha.  


That’s it for the article Ajapala Nigrodha Tree now. In this post, we have delved into the details in depth, including the history and significance of the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Ajapala Nigrodha Tree in Bodhgaya?    

Ajapala Nigrodha is a Banyan tree. Presently, a stone pillar situated on the spot marks the presence of Ajapala Banyan Tree.

Who planted the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree in Bodhgaya?

According to the legend this plant was first planted by a child shepherd boy to safeguard Buddha who shared his wisdom on the equality of humankind.

Can anyone visit the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree? 

Sure, the Ajapala Nigrodha Tree is indeed accessible to visitors, which includes tourists and pilgrims. It is open to people from all backgrounds to explore its cultural, historical, and spiritual value.  

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

All Categories

Recent Posts

Root Institute for Wisdom Culture
Brahmayoni Temple

Brahmayoni Temple, Bodh Gaya, Bihar

the buddha tree

The Buddha Tree

Book Your Stay With Us Today!

Talk to an expert